Arctic Observing Mission (AOM)

The Arctic Observing Mission (AOM) is a variation of AIM-North with an expanded scope that is under consideration by the Government of Canada for implementation with international partners. In addition to the greenhouse gas and air quality instruments, AOM would include a meteorological imager along with a space weather instrument suite.

NOAA’s Geostationary and Extended Orbit (GEO-XO) program is currently studying a next generation meteorological imager for the 2030-2050 time frame to follow the Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI) in the current Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES) R series. Discussions have begun about potential partnership between Canada, NOAA and other organizations to include such an instrument on AOM, but coordinated studies will be required over the next few years to better establish contributions, roles, and responsibilities and position the potential partners for a formal commitment to such an arrangement.

This international, Canadian-led, expanded version of the mission would deliver the greatest benefits for applications spanning northern weather forecasting, climate and greenhouse gas emission monitoring, air quality forecasting, pollutant emission monitoring and space weather science and operational activities.


Figure 5. Illustration of two Arctic Observing Mission (AOM) satellites in a highly elliptical orbit (HEO) configuration in the same orbital plane at the critical inclination (63.435°) for northern applications.